Test Tube baby : Myth and facts
The rising graph of infertility has given birth to many techniques of Assisted reproduction, the commonest one as Test Tube baby. Often the couples going for infertility treatment have questions about IVF or test tube baby.
What is Test Tube baby? Is there any difference between IVF and test tube baby?
Test Tube baby is a technique of assisted reproduction where the eggs of the female are taken outside the body of the female and fertilized with the sperm in a petri dish(as per the myth not in the test tube). IVF and test tube baby both are same and there is no difference between them. Father of test tube baby Robert Edwards won the noble prize for medicine and first test tube baby Louise Brown was born on 25th July 1978.
What are the indications of test tube baby?
Test tube baby treatment is for the couples with following indications:
· Unexplained Infertility
· Blocked Fallopian Tubes
· Poor ovarian reserve
· Advanced age of the female
· Failed cycles of IUI
· Low sperm count in males
How is the procedure of test tube baby done?
The procedure of Test tube baby starts with the blood and
semen analysis of the infertile couple. Some drugs are given to both males and
females as per their treatment plan and the procedure gets started.
Stimulation: Refers to the stimulation of ovaries of female partner with the use of gonadotropins. These hormonal injections are given to produce quality eggs and follicular monitoring is done to evaluate their growth.
Ovum Pickup or egg retrieval: After the proper growth of the follicles the patient is called upon fot the procedure of Ovum pickup. Then the eggs are retrieved transvaginally under anesthesia.
Fertilization: The retrieved eggs are collected in a test tube and then placed in a petri dish. Semen taken from the male partner is washed and then placed in the same dish for insemination. Then the dish is kept in the incubator where fertilization takes place.
Embryo Transfer: The formed embryos (Day 3 of Day 5)under the guidance of ultrasound are transferred in the uterus of the female through a fine catheter. Some hormonal drugs for better implantation are given to the patient. Pregnancy is confirmed after the S-BHCG test result comes out to be positive.
What are the factors of success of test tube baby?
Success depends on certain factors like younger women have better success rates than older females.
Lifestyle habits like smoking and alcohol intake may reduce the chances of implantation.
Selecting the right fertility clinic also plays a major role in the success of Test tube baby.
Donor eggs also determine success. Eggs of younger donor may help in better chances of pregnancy.
Are IVF/test tubes babies different than normal babies?
It is a complete myth that test tube babies are different from normal babies. Test tube babies are absolutely normal babies. Normal or caesarean deliveries are also approximately in the same ratio as in normal conception cases. At Seeds of Innocence, we have the facility of genetic testing of embryos in our genetic lab- Genekart. The advantage is that the embryos can be tested for aneuploidies, genetic disorders or inherited diseases before implantation. Hence, healthier generation could be produced by reducing the threat of miscarriages and abnormal babies.
Is the cost of IVF/Test tube baby affordable?
To provide world class fertility treatment to all in India, Seeds of Innocence is consistently working on tailor made cost effective treatment. EMI option is available for those who cannot pay the entire cost in one go. Few patients are also treated on charity per year as per the hospital policy.
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